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Skandham-5. Chapter-1. Slokam-41. :

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Skandham-5.


Chapter-1.


Slokam-41.



"As a great follower and devotee of the sage Narada, Maharaja Priyavrata
considered hellish the opulence's he had achieved by dint of fruitier activities
and mystic power, whether in the lower or heavenly planetary systems or in
human society."



Sri Rupa Gosvami has said that the position of a devotee is so
super excellent that a devotee does not consider any material opulence worth
having. There are different types of opulence's on earth, in the heavenly
planets and even in the lower planetary system, known as Patala. A devotee,
however, knows that they are all material, and consequently he is not at all
interested in them. As stated in Bhagavadgeeta, param drstva nivartate [Bg.
9.59]. Sometimes yogis and Jnanis voluntarily give up all material opulences to
practice their system of liberation and taste spiritual bliss. However, they
frequently fall down because artificial renunciation of material opulence's
cannot endure. One must have a superio…

Skandham-5. Chapter-1. Slokam-40.

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Skandham-5. 


Chapter-1. 


Slokam-40.




"To stop the quarreling among different peoples, Maharaja Priyavrata
marked boundaries at rivers and at the edges of mountains and forests so that
no one would trespass upon another's property."


The example set by Maharaja Priyavrata in marking off different states is
still followed. As indicated here, different classes of men are destined to live in
different areas, and therefore the boundaries of various tracts of land, which
are described here as islands, should be defined by different rivers, forests and
hills. This is also mentioned in relation to Maharaja Prthu, who was born from
the dead body of his father by the manipulation of great sages. Maharaja
Prthu's father was very sinful, and therefore a black man called Nisada was
first born from his dead body. The Naisada race was given a place in the forest
because by nature they are thieves and rogues. As animals are given places in
various forests and hills, men who are like animals are also…

Skandham-5. Chapter-1. Slokam-39. :

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Skandham-5.


Chapter-1.


Slokam-39.




There are many famous slokams regarding Maharaja Priyavrata's activities:
"No one but the Supreme Personality of Godhead could do what Maharaja
Priyavrata has done. Maharaja Priyavrata dissipated the darkness of night, and
with the rims of his great chariot, he excavated seven oceans."



There are many excellent verses, famous all over the world, concerning the
activities of Maharaja Priyavrata. He is so celebrated that his activities are
compared to those of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Sometimes a
sincere servant and devotee of the Lord is also called bhagavan. Sri Narada is
called bhagavan, and Lord Siva and Vyasadeva are also sometimes called
bhagavan. This designation, bhagavan, is sometimes conferred upon a pure
devotee by the grace of the Lord so that he will be very highly esteemed.
Maharaja Priyavrata was such a devotee.


Continues...

Skandham-5 Chapter-1. Slokam-38.

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Skandham-5

Chapter-1.


Slokam-38.



By the grace of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Maharaja Priyavrata
reawakened to his senses. He divided all his earthly possessions among his
obedient sons. He gave up everything, including his wife, with whom he had
enjoyed so much sense gratification, and his great and opulent kingdom, and he
completely renounced all attachment. His heart, having been cleansed, became a place of pastimes for the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Thus he was able to return to the path of Krishna consciousness, spiritual life, and resume the
position he had attained by the grace of the great saint Narada.



As enunciated by Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu in His Siksastaka,
ceto-darpana-marjanam bhava-maha-bavagni-nirvapanam: [Cc. Antya 20.12] as
soon as one's heart is cleansed, the blazing fire of material existence is
immediately extinguished. Our hearts are meant for the pastimes of the
Supreme Personality of Godhead. This means that one should be fully Krishna
conscious, thinking o…

Skandham-5. Chapter-1. Slokam-37. :

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Skandham-5.

Chapter-1.

Slokam-37.



The King thus began criticizing himself: Alas, how condemned I have
become because of my sense gratification! I have now fallen into material
enjoyment, which is exactly like a covered well. I have had enough! I am not
going to enjoy any more. Just see how I have become like a dancing monkey in
the hands of my wife. Because of this, I am condemned.



How condemned is the advancement of material knowledge can be
understood from the behavior of Maharaja Priyavrata. He performed such
wonderful acts as creating another sun, which shined during the night, and
creating a chariot so great that its wheels formed vast oceans. These activities
are so great that modern scientists cannot even imagine how such things can
be done. Maharaja Priyavrata acted very wonderfully in the material field of
activities, but because he was dealing in sense gratification—ruling his
kingdom and dancing to the indications of his beautiful wife—he personally
condemned himself. When we think about t…

Skandham-5. Chapter-1. Slokam-36. :

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Skandham-5.


Chapter-1.


Slokam-36.



While enjoying his material opulences with full strength and influence,
Maharaja Priyavrata once began to consider that although he had fully
surrendered to the great saint Narada and was actually on the path of Krishna
consciousness, he had somehow become again entangled in material activities.
Thus his mind now became restless, and he began to speak in a spirit of
renunciation.



"One who has forsaken his material occupations to engage in the devotional
service of the Lord may sometimes fall down while in an immature stage, yet
there is no danger of his being unsuccessful. On the other hand, a nondevotee,
though fully engaged in occupational duties, does not gain anything." If one
somehow or other comes to the shelter of a great Vaishnava, takes to Krishna
consciousness because of sentiment or realization, but in course of time falls
down because of immature understanding, he is not actually fallen, for his
having engaged in Krishna consciousness is a perma…

Skandham-5. Chapter-1. Slokam-34 & 35 :

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Skandham-5.  Chapter-1.

Slokam-34.

King Priyavrata then gave his daughter, Urjasvati, in marriage to
Sukracarya, who begot in her a daughter named Devayani.


Slokam-35.


My dear King, a devotee who has taken shelter of the dust from the lotus
feet of the Lord can transcend the influence of the six material whips—namely
hunger, thirst, lamentation, illusion, old age and death—and he can conquer
the mind and five senses. However, this is not very wonderful for a pure
devotee of the Lord because even a person beyond the jurisdiction of the four
castes—in other words, an untouchable—is immediately relieved of bondage to
material existence if he utters the holy name of the Lord even once.



Sukadeva Gosvami was speaking to Maharaja Parikshit about the activities of
King Priyavrata, and since the King might have had doubts about these
wonderful, uncommon activities, Sukadeva Gosvami reassured him. "My dear
King," he said, "don't be doubtful about the wonderful activities of Priyavrata.
For a…