Showing posts from July, 2013

Skandham-5. Chapter-1. Slokam- 15.

My dear Priyavrata, according to our association with different modes of
material nature, the Supreme Personality of Godhead gives us our specific
bodies and the happiness and distress we achieve. One must therefore remain
situated as he is and be conducted by the Supreme Personality of Godhead,
exactly as a blind man is led by a person who has eyes with which to see.

By material means, one cannot avoid the happiness and distress unique to
his particular body. There are 8,400,000 bodily forms, each destined to enjoy
and suffer a certain amount of happiness and distress. This we cannot change,
for the happiness and distress are ordained by the Supreme Personality of
Godhead, in accordance with whose decision we have received our bodies.

Since we cannot avoid the plan of the Supreme Godhead, we must agree to be
directed by Him, just as a blind man is led by a person who has eyes. Under
any circumstances, if we remain in the condition allotted to us by the Supreme
Lord and follow His instructions, we…

Skandham-5. Chapter-1. Slokam-14.

My dear boy, all of us are bound by the Vedic injunctions to the divisions of
varnäsrama according to our qualities and work. These divisions are difficult to
avoid because they are scientifically arranged. We must therefore carry out our
duties of varnäsrama-dharma, like bulls obliged to move according to the
direction of a driver pulling on ropes knotted to their noses.

In this verse, the words tantyäà guna-karma-dämabhih are very important.
We each get a body according to our association with the guëas, the qualities
or modes of material nature, and we act accordingly. As stated in
Bhagavad-gétä, the four orders of the social system—namely brähmana,
kshatriya, vaiçya and südra—are arranged according to guëa and karma, their
qualities and work. There is some controversy about this, however, because
some say that since one receives a body according to the guna and karma of his
past life, it is one's birth that determines his social status. Others say, however,
that one's birth according t…

Skandham-5. Chapter-1 ( The Activities of Maharaja Priyavrata ). Slokam-13.

My dear Priyavrata, by the order of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, all
living entities accept different types of bodies for birth and death, activity,
lamentation, illusion, fear of future dangers, and happiness and distress.

Every living entity who has come to this material world has come here for
material enjoyment, but according to his own karma, activities, he must accept
a certain type of body given to him by material nature under the order of the
Supreme Personality of Godhead. As stated in Bhagavad-gétä (3.27), prakåteù
kriyamäëäni guëaiù karmäëi sarvaçaù: everything is being done by prakåti,
material nature, under the direction of the Supreme Lord. Modern scientists
do not know why there are varieties of bodies in 8,400,000 forms. The fact is
that all these bodies are ordained for the living entities by the Supreme
Personality of Godhead according to the living entities' desires. He gives the
living entities freedom to act as they like, but on the other hand they must
accept a bod…

Skandham-5. Chapter-1. Slokam-12.




One cannot avoid the order of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, not by
the strength of severe austerities, an exalted Vedic education, or the power of
mystic yoga, physical prowess or intellectual activities. Nor can one use his
power of religion, his material opulence or any other means, either by himself or
with the help of others, to defy the orders of the Supreme Lord. That is not
possible for any living being, from Brahmä down to the ant.

In the Garga Upaniñad, Gargamuni says to his wife, etasya vä akñarasya
praçäsane gargi süryä-candramasau vidhåtau tiñöhataù: "My dear Gargé,
everything is under the control of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Even
the sun, the moon and other controllers and demigods like Lord Brahmä and
King Indra are all under His control." An ordinary human being or animal
who has accepted a material body cannot go beyond the jurisdiction of the
Supreme Personality of Godhead's control. A material body includes senses.

Skandham-5. Chapter-1. Slokam-11.

Lord Brahmä, the supreme person within this universe, said: My dear
Priyavrata, kindly hear attentively what I shall say to you. Do not be jealous of
the Supreme Lord, who is beyond our experimental measurements. All of us,
including Lord Çiva, your father and the great sage Mahärñi Närada, must carry
out the order of the Supreme. We cannot deviate from His order.

Of the twelve great authorities in devotional service, four—Lord Brahmä
himself, his son Närada, Sväyambhuva Manu and Lord Çiva—were present
before Priyavrata. They were accompanied by many other authoritative sages.
Brahmä first wanted to impress upon Priyavrata that although these great
personalities are all authorities, they cannot possibly disobey the orders of the
Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is described in this verse as deva, which
means "always glorious." The power, glory and potencies of the Supreme
Personality of Godhead can never be diminished. In the Éçopaniñad, the Lord is
described as apäpa-viddha, which in…

Skandham-5. Chapter-1. Slokam-9&10.


Lord Brahmä, the father of Närada Muni, is the supreme person within this
universe. As soon as Närada saw the great swan, he could understand that Lord
Brahmä had arrived. Therefore he immediately stood up, along with
Sväyambhuva Manu and his son Priyavrata, whom Närada was instructing.
Then they folded their hands and began to worship Lord Brahmä with great

As stated in the previous verse, Lord Brahmä was accompanied by other
demigods, but his specific carrier was the great swan. Therefore as soon as
Närada Muni saw the swan, he could understand that his father, Lord Brahmä,
who is also known as Hiraëyagarbha, was arriving. Thus he immediately stood
up with Sväyambhuva Manu and his son Priyavrata to receive Lord Brahmä
and offer him respect.


My dear King Parékñit, because Lord Brahmä had finally descended from
Satyaloka to Bhüloka, Närada Muni, Prince Priyavr…

Skandham-5. Chapter-1. Slokam-8:

Thinking himself a king, King Rahügaëa was in the bodily conception and
was influenced by material nature's modes of passion and ignorance. Due to
madness, he chastised Jaòa Bharata with uncalled-for and contradictory words.
Jaòa Bharata was a topmost devotee and the dear abode of the Supreme
Personality of Godhead. Although considering himself very learned, the King
did not know about the position of an advanced devotee situated in devotional
service, nor did he know his characteristics. Jaòa Bharata was the residence of
the Supreme Personality of Godhead; he always carried the form of the Lord
within his heart. He was the dear friend of all living beings, and he did not
entertain any bodily conception. He therefore smiled and spoke the following

The distinction between a person in the bodily conception and a person
beyond the bodily conception is presented in this verse. In the bodily
conception, King Rahügaëa considered himself a king and chastised Jaòa
Bharata in so many unwanted way…

Skandham-5. Chapter-1. Slokam-7.

Çré Çukadeva Gosvämé continued: The first created being and most powerful
demigod in this universe is Lord Brahmä, who is always responsible for
developing universal affairs. Born directly from the Supreme Personality of
Godhead, he dedicates his activities to the welfare of the entire universe, for he
knows the purpose of the universal creation. This supremely powerful Lord
Brahmä, accompanied by his associates and the personified Vedas, left his own
abode in the highest planetary system and descended to the place of Prince
Priyavrata's meditation.

Lord Viñëu, the Supreme Self (ätmä), is the source of everything, as
explained in the Vedänta-sütra: janmädy asya yataù [SB 1.1.1]. Because Brahmä
was born directly from Lord Viñëu, he is called ätma-yoni. He is also called
bhagavän, although generally bhagavän refers to the Supreme Personality of
Godhead (Viñëu or Lord Kåñëa). Sometimes great personalities—such as
demigods like Lord Brahmä, Närada or Lord Çiva—are also addressed as
bhagavän because…

Skandham-5. Chapter-1. Slokam-6.

Çukadeva Gosvämé continued: My dear King, Prince Priyavrata was a great
devotee because he sought the lotus feet of Närada, his spiritual master, and
thus achieved the highest perfection in transcendental knowledge. With
advanced knowledge, he always engaged in discussing spiritual subjects and did
not divert his attention to anything else. The Prince's father then asked him to
take charge of ruling the world. He tried to convince Priyavrata that this was
his duty as indicated in the revealed scriptures. Prince Priyavrata, however, was
continuously practicing bhakti-yoga by constantly remembering the Supreme
Personality of Godhead, thus engaging all his senses in the service of the Lord.
Therefore, although the order of his father could not be rejected, the Prince did
not welcome it. Thus he very conscientiously raised the question of whether he
might be diverted from devotional service by accepting the responsibility of
ruling over the world.

Çréla Narottama däsa Öhäkura has sung, chäòiyä vai…



In Bhakti-rasämåta-sindhu it is said that by executing devotional service to
the Lord, one can understand the transcendental position of the living being
and the Supreme Personality of Godhead. The Supreme Personality of
Godhead cannot be understood by any means except bhakti. The Lord
confirms this in Çrémad-Bhägavatam (11.14.21). Bhaktyäham ekayä grähyaù:
"only by executing devotional service can one appreciate Me." Similarly, in
Bhagavad-gétä (18.55) Lord Kåñëa says, bhaktyä mäm abhijänäti: "simply by
discharging devotional service, one can understand Me." Thus for a bhakta to
become attached to family affairs is impossible, since a bhakta and his
associates are liberated. Everyone is searching after änanda, or bliss, but in the
material world there can never be any bliss. It is only possible in devotional
service. Attachment for family affairs and devotional service are incompatible.
Therefore Mahäräja Parékñit was somewhat surprised to hear that Mahä…

1. The Activities of Mahäräja Priyavrata :


This chapter describes how King Priyavrata enjoyed royal opulence and
majesty and then returned to full knowledge. King Priyavrata was detached
from worldly opulence, and then he became attached to his kingdom, but
finally he again became detached from material enjoyment and thus achieved
liberation. When King Parékñit heard about this, he was struck with wonder,
but he was somewhat bewildered as to how a devotee with no attachment for
material enjoyment could later become attached to it. Thus in astonishment
he questioned Çukadeva Gosvämé about this.

In response to the King's inquiries, Çukadeva Gosvämé said that devotional
service, being transcendental, cannot be deviated by any material influences.
Priyavrata had received transcendental knowledge from the instructions of
Närada, and therefore he did not want to enter a materialistic life of
enjoyment in a kingdom. He accepted the kingdom, however, at the request of
such superior demigods as Lord Brahmä and Lord Indra, the King of…

Chapter 26: King Purañjana Goes Hunting and Finds his Morose Wife :



Slokam- 1 to 26.

(1-3) Nârada said: 'Once upon a time he [King Purañjana] went to the forest called Pañca-prastha ['the five destinations'] carrying his bow, golden armor and inexhaustible quiver. He traveled on the two wheels and one axle of a swift chariot with golden ornaments that, being drawn by five horses, had one sitting place, seven armor plates, three flags and two posts for his harnesses. He carried five weapons and two special arrows. Together with his eleventh commander and his one chariot driver who held one set of reins, he knew five objectives and five different ways of approach.  (4) Having taken up his bow and arrows he was very proud of having left his wife behind, for that was a thing next to impossible for him. [But] inspired by the evil thought of hunting he went there to kill animals. (5) With the demoniac darkness of a lack of enlightenment in his heart he had taken to the horrible practice of mercilessly with sharp arrows kil…

Chapter 25: About the Character of King Purañjana :



Slokam- 1 to 62.

(1) Maitreya said: 'After thus having given instruction, the Destroyer worshiped by the sons of Barhishat vanished from there right before the eyes of the princes. (2) While they at that water for an endless number of years executed austerities, all the Pracetâs recited the prayer as sung by Lord S'iva. (3) Oh Vidura, meanwhile a compassionate Nârada as a knower of the spiritual truth instructed King Prâcînabarhi who had a mind full of attachment to fruitive activities: (4) 'Oh King, [he said] what spiritual welfare do you expect from fruitive activities? That way engaged you will not see the misery disappear nor will the ultimate good of happiness be attained.'

(5) The king replied: 'I don't know oh great transcendental soul, my intelligence is occupied by my desire for the fruits. Please enlighten me on the pure, spiritual knowledge that will relieve me of my workload. (6) In the superficial duties of one's family l…

Chapter 24: The Song Sung by Lord S'iva :

Skandham 4.2,


Slokam- 1 to 79.

(1) Maitreya said: 'The son of Prithu who because of his great actions became known as Vijitâs'va [see 4.19: 18], became emperor and gave his younger brothers he cared a lot about, the rule over the different directions of the world. (2) The master offered Haryaksha the eastern part, the south he offered to Dhûmrakes'a, the western side was for the brother with the name Vrika and the northern direction he gave to Dravina. (3) He who from [what he did in relation to] Indra [also] was honored with the name Antardhâna ['invisibly present'], begot in his wife S'ikhandinî three children who carried the approval of everyone. (4) They were named Pâvaka, Pavamâna and S'uci. They  in the past had been the gods of fire but now, because of a curse of sage Vasishthha, had taken birth again in order to regain that status by the progress of yoga. (5) Antardhâna who didn't kill Indra despite of the fact that he knew that he had …

hapter 23: Prithu Mahârâja Returns Back Home :


Chapter 23:  Prithu Mahârâja Returns Back Home :

Slokam- 1 to 39.

(1-3) Maitreya said: 'King Prithu who fully conversant with everything concerning the soul as the protector of the people endlessly had promoted all that he had created, saw one day that he physically was getting old. Fully in accord with the instructions of the Supreme Ruler he in this world following the dharma of devotees, had provided for the maintenance of all the moving and nonmoving living beings. He left the earth to his sons and with pity towards his aggrieved citizens he alone with his wife went into the forest for his austerity. (4) As perfect as he formerly had been in his understanding when he conquered the earth, he at that place perfectly understood that he according to the rules and regulations of a retired life had to engage seriously in the practice of severe austerities.  

(5) At first he so now and then ate bulbs, roots, fruits and dry leaves, then he drank only water for several fortnig…