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Skandham-5. Chapter-1. Slokams -31, 32, 33. :

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Slokam-31.



When Priyavrata drove his chariot behind the sun, the rims of his chariot
wheels created impressions that later became seven oceans, dividing the
planetary system known as Bhu-mandala into seven islands.



Sometimes the planets in outer space are called islands. We have
experience of various types of islands in the ocean, and similarly the various
planets, divided into fourteen lokas, are islands in the ocean of space. As
Priyavrata drove his chariot behind the sun, he created seven different types
of oceans and planetary systems, which altogether are known as Bhu-mandala, 
 or Bhuloka. In the Gayatri mantra, we chant, om bhur bhuvah svah tat savitur
varenyam. Above the Bhuloka planetary system is Bhuvarloka, and above that
is Svargaloka, the heavenly planetary system. All these planetary systems are
controlled by Savita, the sun-god. By chanting the Gayatri mantra just after
rising early in the morning, one worships the sun-god.



Slokam-32.



The names of the islands are Jambu, Plaksa, SAlmal…

Skandham-5. Chapter-1. Slokam-30.

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While so excellently ruling the universe, King Priyavrata once became
dissatisfied with the circumambulation of the most powerful sun-god. Encircling
Sumeru Hill on his chariot, the sun-god illuminates all the surrounding
planetary systems. However, when the sun is on the northern side of the hill,
the south receives less light, and when the sun is in the south, the north
receives less. King Priyavrata disliked this situation and therefore decided to
make daylight in the part of the universe where there was night. He followed
the orbit of the sun-god on a brilliant chariot and thus fulfilled his desire. He
could perform such wonderful activities because of the power he had achieved
by worshiping the Supreme Personality of Godhead.



There is a Bengali saying which describes that someone is so powerful that
he can make the night day and the day night. That saying is current because of
the prowess of Priyavrata. His activities demonstrate how powerful he became
by worshiping the Supreme Personality of…

Skandham-5. Chapter-1. Slokam-29.

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After Kavi, Mahavira and Savana were completely trained in the
paramahamsa stage of life, Maharaja Priyavrata ruled the universe for eleven
arbudas of years. Whenever he was determined to fix his arrow upon his
bowstring with his two powerful arms, all opponents of the regulative principles of religious life would flee from his presence in fear of the unparalleled prowess he displayed in ruling the universe. He greatly loved his wife Barhismati, and with the increase of days, their exchange of nuptial love also increased. By her feminine behavior as she dressed herself, walked, got up, smiled, laughed, and glanced about, Queen Barhismati increased his energy. Thus although he was a great soul, he appeared lost in the feminine conduct of his wife. He behaved with her just like an ordinary man, but actually he was a great soul.



In this slokam, the word dharma-pratipakshah ("opponents of Dharmic
principles") refers not to a particular faith, but to varnasrama-dharma, the
division of …

Skandham-5. Chapter-1. Slokam- 28 & 29.

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Slokam-28.


In his other wife, Maharaja Priyavrata begot three sons, named Uttama,
Tamasa and Raivata. All of them later took charge of manvantara millenniums.


In every day of Brahma there are fourteen manvantaras. The duration of
one manvantara, the lifespan of one Manu, is seventy-one yugas, and each yuga
is 4,320,000 years. Almost all the Manus selected to rule the manvantaras came
from the family of Maharaja Priyavrata. Three of them are particularly
mentioned herein, namely Uttama, Tämasa and Raivata.



Slogam-29.



After Kavi, Mahavira and Savana were completely trained in the
paramahamsa stage of life, Maharaja Priyavrata ruled the universe for eleven
arbudas of years. Whenever he was determined to fix his arrow upon his
bowstring with his two powerful arms, all opponents of the regulative principles
of religious life would flee from his presence in fear of the unparalleled prowess
he displayed in ruling the universe. He greatly loved his wife Barhismati, and
with the increase of days, their excha…

Skandham-5, Chapter-1, Slokam-27.

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Thus situated in the renounced order from the beginning of their lives, all
three of them completely controlled the activities of their senses and thus
became great saints. They concentrated their minds always upon the lotus feet
of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is the resting place of the totality
of living entities and who is therefore celebrated as Vasudeva. Lord Vasudeva is
the only shelter of those who are actually afraid of material existence. By
constantly thinking of His lotus feet, these three sons of Maharaja Priyavrata
became advanced in pure devotional service. By the prowess of their devotional
service, they could directly perceive the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who
is situated in everyone's heart as the Supersoul, and realize that there was
qualitatively no difference between themselves and Him.



The paramahamsa stage is the topmost position in renounced life. In
sannyasa, the renounced order, there are four stages—kuticaka, bahudaka,
parivrajakacarya and paramahams…