Çré Çukadeva Gosvämé continued: The first created being and most powerful
demigod in this universe is Lord Brahmä, who is always responsible for
developing universal affairs. Born directly from the Supreme Personality of
Godhead, he dedicates his activities to the welfare of the entire universe, for he
knows the purpose of the universal creation. This supremely powerful Lord
Brahmä, accompanied by his associates and the personified Vedas, left his own
abode in the highest planetary system and descended to the place of Prince
Lord Viñëu, the Supreme Self (ätmä), is the source of everything, as
explained in the Vedänta-sütra: janmädy asya yataù [SB 1.1.1]. Because Brahmä
was born directly from Lord Viñëu, he is called ätma-yoni. He is also called
bhagavän, although generally bhagavän refers to the Supreme Personality of
Godhead (Viñëu or Lord Kåñëa). Sometimes great personalities—such as
demigods like Lord Brahmä, Närada or Lord Çiva—are also addressed as
bhagavän because they carry out the purpose of the Supreme Personality of
Godhead. Lord Brahmä is called bhagavän because he is the secondary creator
of this universe. He is always thinking of how to improve the situation of the
conditioned souls who have come to the material world to enjoy material
activities. For this reason, he disseminates the Vedic knowledge throughout
the universe for everyone's guidance.
Vedic knowledge is divided into two parts: pravåtti-märga and nivåtti-märga.
Nivåtti-märga is the path of negating sense enjoyment, and pravåtti-märga is
the path by which the living entities are given a chance to enjoy and at the
same time are directed in such a way that they can go back home, back to
Godhead. Because ruling over this universe is a great responsibility, Brahmä
must force many Manus in different ages to take charge of universal affairs.
Under each Manu there are different kings who also execute the purpose of
Lord Brahmä. It is understood from previous explanations that the father of
Dhruva Mahäräja, King Uttänapäda, ruled over the universe because his elder
brother, Priyavrata, practiced austerity from the very beginning of his life.
Thus up to the point of the Pracetäs, the kings of the universe were all
descendants of Uttänapäda Mahäräja. Since there were no suitable kings after
the Pracetäs, Sväyambhuva Manu went to the Gandhamädana Hill to bring
back his eldest son, Priyavrata, who was meditating there. Sväyambhuva Manu
requested Priyavrata to rule over the universe. When he refused, Lord Brahmä
descended from the supreme planetary system, known as Satyaloka, to request
Priyavrata to accept the order. Lord Brahmä did not come alone. He came with
other great sages like Maréci, Ätreya and Vasiñöha. To convince Priyavrata
that it was necessary for him to follow the Vedic injunctions and accept the
responsibility of ruling over the world, Lord Brahmä also brought with him the
personified Vedas, his constant associates.
A significant word in this verse is sva-bhavanät, indicating that Lord
Brahmä descended from his own abode. Every demigod has his own abode.
Indra, the King of the demigods, has his own abode, as do Candra, the lord of
the moon planet, and Sürya, the predominating deity of the sun planet. There
are many millions of demigods, and the stars and planets are their respective
homes. This is confirmed in Bhagavad-gétä. Yänti deva-vratä devän: [Bg. 9.25]
"Those who worship the demigods go to their different planetary systems."
Lord Brahmä's abode. the highest planetary system, is called Satyaloka or
sometimes Brahmaloka. Brahmaloka usually refers to the spiritual world. The
abode of Lord Brahmä is Satyaloka, but because Lord Brahmä resides there, it
is also sometimes called Brahmaloka.