The Entanglement in Fruitive Activities :


Skandham-3.2,

Chapter 32

Slokam- 1 to 43.


The Entanglement in Fruitive Activities :
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(1) Kapila said: 'Now, the person factually living at home, doing the duties of a householder, enjoys again and again the advantages of sense gratification, economic benefits and religious performances. (2) Moreover, he, infatuated by lust, has turned away from devotional service to the Supreme Lord [called nivrtti-dharma] in his faithfully worshiping the gods and the forefathers with ceremonies of sacrifice [called pravrtti-dharma]. (3) Overcome by a mind of belief vowed to those forefathers and demigods, will the person thus being gone again return back to the world of the moon order by drinking the soma [beverage drunk by the brahmin of sacrifice]. (4) When Lord Hari lies Himself down on the snakebed of Ananta Sesa, do those very worlds of the ones attached to their household find their dissolution. (5) Those intelligent who to their own duties did not take advantage for the sake of sense-gratification and material benefits and who, free from material attachment, gave up on their fruitive activities, will of a purified consciousness find satisfaction. (6) In the constant engagement in the [nivrtti-dharma] religious acts for detachment in giving up proprietorship and egoism is one by the goodness and consciousness of acting according one's own duty completely purified. (7) Following the path of enlightenment they approach the Original Personality of God reflected in the faces of all, who rules over the spirit as well as the matter and is the cause of the manifestation and dissolution of the world. (8) To the end of two parârdha's, which is the end of Brahmâ himself [see 3-11], they indeed dwell for such a long time on the planet of the Supreme, immersed in thoughts of the Beyond. (9) At that time he, the chief, Lord Brahmâ, desiring to dissolve the covering of earth, water, fire, ether, mind, senses, objects, ego and so on, enters the changeless spiritual sky after having experienced the time consisting of the three modes. (10) Thus covering such a long period of time of Lord Brahmâ, do those yogi's, who did not give up the responsibility for their bodies in controlling the breath and the mind in detachment with him, indeed together enter the Original Person, the embodiment of bliss, the oldest of the primary reality of the spirit. (11) Therefore, My dear mother, take by devotional service to the shelter of Him you now heard about, who resides in the lotus hearts of all. (12-15) The creator of the living and the lifeless, who is the repository of the Veda's, along with the sages and masters of yoga, the Kumâra's and the other perfected ones and fountainheads of yoga, were despite of having other ideas in their independence as a doer, not after material results in their actions and had the qualities of the Original Person of Brahman, the first incarnation. He at the time who has attained again by time the position of Mastery, is born as previously when the interaction to the modes reappears. Having enjoyed again [the true nectar of reunion after dissolution] do the sages by their pious activities as also the royal opulence produced thereof, all together return, when that interaction to the modes takes place.

 

(16) Those who in their thinking in this world are a slave of fruitive action, for sure perform with faith their prescribed duties in attachment to the result and do so time and again. (17) Driven by passion, are their minds, aspiring for gratification, full of anxieties, are their senses out of control and do they daily at home engage themselves in the worship of their forefathers. (18) Those [trai-vargika] persons who are after the tree benefits [of economy, sense gratification and religious service] are not interested in the pastimes of Lord Hari, the killer of the demon Mâdhu, whose transcendental excellence is worth chanting. (19) Having given up on the nectar of the stories about the Infallible One they find the divine order as also disturbing and [instead] listen to the stories about the ways of materialism to which they are just like stool eating hogs. (20) When the sun goes through the south, do they along with their families after their cremation take birth again in the world of their forefathers, performing their fruitive activities to the end [compare B.G. 8:25 ]. (21) When they have exhausted the results of their pious deeds, they return to this planet, o virtuous one, by divine arrangement helplessly falling so, against their expectations, because of being bewildered by their prosperity [compare B.G. 9:21].

 

(22) Therefore you should with all your love worship the Supreme One of Refuge, of who's feet the devotional service is connected with the good qualities. (23) The discharge of devotional service unto Vâsudeva, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, will very soon result in the detachment and spiritual knowledge of self-realization. (24) When the mind for material outcome of the devotee is of sameness to the activities of the senses, is thus finally no difference experienced with the likes and dislikes. (25) He then for sure, of the detachment of his soul equipoised in his vision, is free from aversions or preferences and sees himself elevated to the transcendental position. (26) To the different perceptions of the Spiritual absolute, the Supersoul and the Person of Control in philosophical research and other processes of understanding, is the Supreme Lord the only measure for transcendental knowledge. (27) By the exact of that measure is with all the kinds of yoga in this world the desired purpose of the yogi achieved, which is indeed the complete of detachment. (28) To the one who by the knowledge of the senses is averse to the Supreme of the Absolute beyond the material modes, it mistakenly appears to be of the nature of sounds and such to the forms of the various objects [as something relative]. (29) As the great principle we have the false ego, the three modes, the five elements, the individual way and the eleven senses [the five senses of action and perception, including the mind] as the material body of the living entity that sprouted from the egg that is the universe. (30) In truth, with faith, devotion and being ever steadfast in yoga does that one understand who's mind is fixed in the detachment aloof from material association.

 

(31) Thus, my respectful mother, I have described this spiritual knowledge that reveals the Absolute Truth by which the reality of the material and the personal is understood. (32) Of both jnana-yoga [the yoga of spiritual knowledge] as of the freedom from the modes directed towards Me called bhakti, is, rather than by each of them alone, for sure the purpose achieved signified by the word Bhagavân. (33) The way by the senses the one of an object having many qualities is perceived differently, is similarly the Supreme Lord, Bhagavân, one but differently perceived according different scriptural injunctions. (34-36) Through material actions, sacrifices, charity, austerities, study of the scriptures, philosophical research, subduing the mind and senses, as also through the renounced order and fruitive action, does one, practicing the different types of yoga, performing devotional service and for sure indeed doing one's duties known as pravrtti and nivrtti dharma, by understanding the science of selfrealization and strong detachment, perceive the Supreme Lord in His true nature in as well the material world as in transcendence. (37) I explained to you the four divisions [to the modes and the transcendence above it] of identity [svarûpa] in devotional service as also the imperceptible of the movement of time [the conditioning] that drives the living entities. (38) For the living entity there are many courses of material action in ignorance, resulting from working for a material outcome [karma] My dear mother, of which the soul entering that existence does not understand his own ways.

 

(39) This is not meant for instructing the wicked, the ones of bad conduct, or should ever be told to the obstinate or the ones in offense and certainly also not to those who only in name do their duty. (40) One should not instruct the destructive ones too eager nor the ones overly attached to their family life, nor the non-devoted nor as well ever the ones envious of Me and My devotees. (41) It is meant for the faithful, the devotees, the respectful, those not spiteful towards anyone, the friendly eager to render their services conscientiously. (42) Let this instruction be there for those with a peaceful mind who developed detachment for what lays outside of it, who are non-envious and clean and for whom I am the dearest of the dear. (43) O mother, that person who once with faith may hear of this or repeats his mind fixed on Me, will for certain attain to My abode.