Svâyambhuva Manu Advises Dhruva Mahârâja to Stop Fighting:

Skandham-4

Chapter 11:

Slokam 1 to 35.


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(1) Maitreya said: 'After having heard the words of the sages Dhruva touched water and fixed on his bow an arrow made by Nârâyana. (2) Joining this weapon of Nârâyana to his bow, quickly the illusions created by the Yakshas were vanquished oh Vidura, just like pleasures and pains are dispelled by the rise of spiritual knowledge. (3) With the weapon that was given to him fixed on his bow, golden arrows with feathers like the wings of swans sprang forward which pierced the enemy soldiers with the tumultuous sound of peacocks entering a forest. (4) Because of those sharp pointed arrows the Yakshas here and there dispersed on the battlefield got terribly excited so that they full of anger with uplifted weapons rushed towards him, just like serpents with raised hoods do when they wage against Garuda. (5) With his arrows he cut through the arms, legs, necks and bellies of all the Yakshas who came forward in battle. He sent them all to the abode above the sun where all those who send their seed upwards [the celibates] are going. (6) When he saw those Yakshas being killed by the man with the wonderful chariot while they factually had not committed any offense, the grandfather, the Manu, in his mercy approached the son of Uttânapâda together with the great sages in order to instruct him. (7) Manu said: 'Enough my son, stop the killing of these good guys who never wronged you. With this escalation of anger you're treading the path of ignorance and sin. (8) My dear, this undertaking to kill the Yakshas who haven't sinned, is not befitting a member of our family and is forbidden by the sages. (9) Surely my best, you are aggrieved at the death of the brother you care about, but now the offense of one Yaksha has lead to the killing of his many associates. (10) This killing of living beings is certainly never the way of those who honestly follow the path of the Lord of the Senses. Taking the body for the self one is like the animals. (11) You have with your meditation upon the Supersoul within all living beings reached the abode of Lord Hari who is so difficult to propitiate. You thus being of worship attained the supreme position of Vishnu. (12) How can someone like you who esteemed by the devotees of the Lord always are remembered by them, you who as an example to others are vowed to the saintly, engage in such an abomination?

(13) When one is of tolerance, friendship, mercy and equanimity towards all living beings, the Soul of All, the Supreme Lord will be very pleased. (14) Pleasing the Supreme Lord a person being liberated from the modes of material nature and freed from the worries of his individual existence will achieve unlimited spiritual bliss [brahma nirvâna]. (15) Man and woman [by the impelling force of Time] evolved from the five elements of matter and by their sexual behavior even more men and women came about in this world. (16) Because of the interaction of the modes of nature oh King, thus the creation, maintenance and annihilation takes place with the illusory energy of the Supreme Self. (17) The way iron is moved [by a magnet] this world of cause and effect must be considered as being moved by the remote cause [of] the original and most exalted Person who is free from the modes of nature. (18) Under the influence of the no doubt hard to fathom potency of the Almighty One in the form of the force of Time, the interaction [or disturbance of the equilibrium] of the modes of nature resulted in this diversity of energies upon which the Supreme Personality exerts His influence even though He is not the one acting and in which He leads to death even though He is not the one who kills. (19) He to whom there is no end in the form of Time puts everything to an end, He who knows no beginning constitutes the beginning of everything, He who is inexhaustible gives life to one living being by means of another one and He as death puts an end to everything that kills. (20) As death entering each his life no one is His ally or His definitive enemy. All the combinations of the elements [organic and inorganic] helplessly follow His movement like dust particles moved by the wind. (21) Free from a short or long lifespan as is the case with beings that are born, the Almighty One is ever situated in His transcendental position and grants the covetous ones the results of their actions. (22) Some oh king, explain that karma [the work load of fruitive activities] as arising from one's particular nature or as brought about by others oh protector of men. Some say it's due to time, others refer to fate, while still others ascribe it to the desire of the living entity. (23) Who my dear boy, can ever understand the intentions of Him who is our origin, He of transcendence who from the unmanifested reality [pradhâna] gives rise to the different energies and natural forces?

(24) The same way my son, all these followers of Kuvera [the divine treasurer] are not the murderers of your brother. Only God is the cause of the birth and death of a living being my dear. (25) He creates the universe and also maintains and annihilates it. Moreover He does not get entangled by the activities of the modes of nature, for He [being free from false ego] does not identify Himself with a material body. (26) This Supersoul, the controller and maintainer of all beings, brings forth, fosters and devours, making use of the force of His external energy. (27) For Him my dearest, He the Supreme One of death and immortality who in every respect is the ultimate goal of surrender for all the world, all the devotees and important personalities of creation bring their offerings, being controlled by Him the way bulls are controlled by a rope through their nose. (28) Five years of age only you left your mother, aggrieved at heart by the words of your stepmother and went to the forest to worship the Lord with austerities. Thus you attained the highest position in the three worlds. (29) Keeping Him in mind my best one, free from anger turn yourself to the one infallible spiritual self [the Brahman] situated in the beyond and try looking at the soul to discover the uncontaminated state from within all that is divided appears to be untrue. (30) When you then render transcendental service to the Soul Inside of the Supreme Lord who endowed with all potencies is the unlimited reservoir of all pleasure, you will very soon untie the knot of illusion of 'I' and 'mine' and thus be firmly fixed.

(31) Just control your anger - it is the enemy of all goodness - and all good fortune will be yours. By constantly keeping to this lesson my dear King, this [directive] will work like a medicinal treatment for a disease. (32) An intelligent person who for his soul desires freedom from fear, must never be lead by anger, for everyone shuns the person ruled by it. (33) By angrily killing the Yakshas of whom you thought that they had killed your brother, you've slighted the brother of S'iva, Kuvera. (34) Forthwith go pacify him my son. Offer him respectfully, with gentle words your obeisances, before the wrath of the great ones will defeat our family.'

(35) Manu Svâyambhuva after thus giving instruction to his grandson received from him his obeisances and departed together with the sages for his abode.'