Srimad Bhagavatham : 6.1.39.

Skandham 6.

Chapter - 1.

Slokam - 39. (  What is the process of punishing others? Who are the actual candidates for punishment? Are all karmīs engaged in fruitive activities punishable, or only some of them?  )

katham     svid     dhriyate    dandh    kim    vasya    sthanam    ipsitam,

dandyah    kim     karinah     sarve    aho    svit    katicin    nrnam.

katham   svit   =   by which means; 

dhriyate   =   is   imposed; 

dandah   =   punishment; 

kim   =   what; 

va   =   or; 

asya   =   of this; 

sthanam   =   the place; 

ipsitam   =   desirable; 

dandyah   =   punishable; 

kim   =   whether; 

karinah   =   fruitive actors; 

sarve   =   all; 

aho   svit   =   or whether; 

katicit   =   some; 

nrnam   =   of the human beings.

One who has the power to punish others should not punish everyone. There are innumerable living entities, the majority of whom are in the spiritual world and are nitya-mukta, everlastingly liberated. There is no question of judging these liberated living beings. Only a small fraction of the living entities, perhaps one fourth, are in the material world. And the major portion of the living entities in the material world—8,000,000 of the 8,400,000 forms of life—are lower than human beings. They are not punishable, for under the laws of material nature they are automatically evolving. Human beings, who are advanced in consciousness, are responsible, but not all of them are punishable. Those engaged in advanced pious activities are beyond punishment. Only those who engage in sinful activities are punishable. Therefore the Vishnudutas particularly inquired about who is punishable and why Yamaraja has been designated to discriminate between who is punishable and who is not. How is one to be judged? What is the basic principle of authority? These are the questions raised by the Vishnudutas.

To be continued  ...


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